How to make bonsai soil at home (2023)

How to make bonsai soil at home

An Introduction

How to make bonsai soil at home:- Bonsai is an art that has been for centuries in many cultures around the world. The process of growing a bonsai plant requires special care, and the type of soil used plays a crucial role in its growth.

In this article, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to make bonsai soil at home in India using the best bonsai soil mix.

What is Bonsai Soil?

Before we dive into the process of how to make bonsai soil at home in India, let us first understand what bonsai soil is.

Bonsai soil is a special type of soil mix that is designed to provide the right amount of nutrients, water retention, and drainage for the growth of bonsai plants.

How to make bonsai soil at home

It is important to keep in mind that the amount of soil used for planting a bonsai is limited, which means that the soil components need to be carefully chosen. This will help supplement the plant with the necessary nutrients and water.

Garden soil typically contains 50% solids, 25% water, and 25% air by volume.

However, this type of soil is too dense for bonsai and hardens over time. As a result, bonsai soil is commonly referred to as substrate since it contains little to no actual soil.

Unlike regular soil, bonsai soil is made up of a combination of different ingredients that provide the perfect growing environment for these miniature trees.

We at Delhi Bonsai had been selling bonsais since 2012. we have almost 30 years of experience in Bonsai making.

We have a dedicated team of Agriculture experts who use their bonsai soil mix, which we would be sharing with you all readers how to make bonsai soil at home in India.

We have been interacting with our customers, and viewers on YouTube and or social media posts.

People at large, who wish to pursue the art of bonsai making got confused with the fancy terms and materials required to make a bonsai at home. We have been distributing our experience in the service of this art of bonsai making with special emphasis on Indian plants and materials.

Imported Ingredients for Bonsai Soil Mix

To make the best bonsai soil mix traditionally as described by bonsai masters internationally, the following ingredients are required:

  1. Akadama: This is a type of clay that is found in Japan and is the most important ingredient in bonsai soil. Akadama is known for its excellent water retention properties and is essential for the growth of bonsai plants.
  2. Pumice: Pumice is a type of volcanic rock that is known for its excellent drainage properties. It is an important ingredient in bonsai soil as it helps to prevent the soil from becoming waterlogged.
  3. Lava Rock: Lava rock is another type of volcanic rock that is used in bonsai soil. It is similar to pumice in its properties and helps to improve the drainage of the soil mix.
  4. Organic Compost: Organic compost is a great source of nutrients for bonsai plants. It helps to improve the fertility of the soil and provides the necessary nutrients for the growth of the plants.
  5. Perlite: Perlite is a type of volcanic glass that is used in bonsai soil to improve the soil’s aeration and drainage properties. It is a lightweight material that helps to prevent the soil from becoming too compact.

But the above-stated ingredients are not available in India easily. The ingredients along with their properties have been marked in bold red colour above so that you can understand the ingredients and their role in Bonsai soil.

How to Make Bonsai Soil at Home in India

puzzle pieces, mix, hands-592798.jpg

Now that we have the list of ingredients and their role, let us take a look at the step-by-step process, of how to make bonsai soil at home in India.

Step 1: Gather the Ingredients

The first step in making bonsai soil is to gather all the ingredients. You can find most of the ingredients in your local gardening store. Akadama is available online or in select gardening stores in India.

Step 2: Mix the Ingredients

Indian Ingredients for Bonsai Soil Mix

Once you have gathered all the ingredients, it’s time to mix them. Take a large bowl and add the following ingredients:

  • Filtered Gravel Sand (improves drainage)=5%
  • Crushed Brick (improves aeration)=10%
  • River Sand (improves drainage)=5%
  • Vermicompost or FYM (improves water retention and provides nutrition)=20%
  • Garden soil (improves holding capacity of bonsai)=50%
  • Neem Cake Powder(insect pest control)=5%
  • Coco Peat (water retention)=5%

These ingredients are easily available in India and cost nothing but a penny. Mix all the ingredients thoroughly until they are evenly mixed.

sunset, tree, silhouettes-742744.jpgTake out any unwanted impurities and allow to dry for a few days in bright sun. This will help kill any germs or insects present in the soil.

I would emphasize on to try and how to make bonsai soil at home in India so that all can enjoy the art of Bonsai making. 

Step 3: Store the Bonsai Soil

After drying, store the bonsai soil in an airtight container. This will help to keep the soil fresh and prevent it from drying out. 

We have been updating videos on such topics on youtube. Please subscribe to stay updated on tips and tricks of bonsai making. 


Now that you have understood, the ingredients and their roles in the bonsai soil mix, and how we have updated all of the pricey ingredients with our Home ingredients.

I think this guide will be of immense help for experienced as well as novice bonsai buyers. This small step will do a greater good in the service of this divine art of Bonsai making. Basically, Bonsai soil is a mixture of various ingredients which can support bonsai with air, water, nutrients and stability.

I would request our readers to share their experiences on the topics by commenting below.

I would also appreciate it if there are any queries left on the topic which they would like to cover. Comments and suggestions are always appreciated. 

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